What do you need to know about the essay writing art?
Depending on the content, form, and style, there are distinguished various types of essays: artistic, historical, spiritual and religious; stories, letters, diaries, reviews, notes, miniatures; descriptive, narrative, critical, analytical; subjective, objective. The boundaries of the essay as a genre are conditional, therefore, for the disclosure of the topic, the author can use a freestyle of presentation, sharing impressions and judgments about a particular phenomenon, subject or global trends, large-scale events.
Features of an essay as a genre
From other types of essay works distinguish specific features: acute topicality of the topic. The issues raised should be relevant here and now.
Subjectivity of judgments. In the work through the attitude to the problem and individualized assessments, the identity of the author must be clearly expressed.
Movement in the narrative from the particular to the general. Often the role of a reference point is played by a quotation that can be carried out in an epigraph. From an isolated case the author gradually proceeds to generalize analytical or philosophical reasoning about the problem posed at the beginning of the essay.
Due to the lack of writing standards, the composition can also be reversed – from global conclusions to confirmation in the finale by proverbs, proverbs, wise quotations of the classic, an indisputable fact.
Small volume. There are no hard boundaries, but usually, two to ten pages of printed text are used in an essay. Specificity. Within the framework of the essay, only one question is being considered: there can not be many topics or ideas.
Free composition. This kind of composition does not tolerate any formal framework. Often the presentation is illogical, subject to random associations, meaningful connections are thought out by the author himself.
Propensity to paradoxes. One of the tasks of the essay genre is to surprise, amaze the reader. Quite often the starting point for reflection is a vivid, harsh statement or polemic definition that sets the tone for a further exposition. Ease of narration. In the text, there should be no incomprehensible terms and unnecessarily complex constructions. The author should try to win the trust and sympathy of the reader, entrap by simple and capacious phrases and sentences.
Dialogic. Talking to the reader does not imply an essay in the form of replicas, as is done in the play. To achieve the effect of a polemic conversation, rhetorical questions that require a mental response are often used, which does not always coincide with that proposed by the author.
Semantic unity. Despite the compositional freedom, key theses and arguments must be agreed and not contradict the judgments that express the author’s personal position.